Understanding Claim Filing under IBC: A Comprehensive Guide

Home - Finance - Understanding Claim Filing under IBC: A Comprehensive Guide

Claim filing under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) is a critical process that ensures creditors can recover their dues efficiently when a corporate debtor faces insolvency. This mechanism has streamlined the insolvency process in India, providing a structured and transparent approach to managing financial distress. Additionally, the role of personal guarantors under IBC and the support of experts, like those from Ancoraa Resolution, play a significant part in enhancing the effectiveness of claim filing.

What is Claim Filing under IBC?

Claim filing under IBC involves submitting a formal claim to the insolvency professional handling the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (CIRP). Creditors, including financial and operational creditors, need to file their claims to establish their rights to receive dues from the insolvent entity. This step is crucial for the proper assessment and distribution of the debtor’s assets.

Steps in the Claim Filing Process

  1. Initiation of Insolvency Proceedings: When a company defaults on its debt, insolvency proceedings are initiated. This can be done by the company itself, its creditors, or the relevant authorities.
  2. Public Announcement: Once the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) admits the insolvency application, a public announcement is made. This announcement invites creditors to submit their claims within a specified period.
  3. Submission of Claims: Creditors must submit their claims to the insolvency professional appointed for the CIRP. This submission includes all relevant documentation supporting the claim, such as invoices, loan agreements, and other financial documents.
  4. Verification of Claims: The insolvency professional verifies the claims to ensure their authenticity and accuracy. This step is essential for maintaining transparency and fairness in the insolvency process.
  5. Collation and Classification: Verified claims are collated and classified based on the type of creditor and the nature of the claim. This classification helps in the orderly distribution of the debtor’s assets.
  6. Committee of Creditors (CoC): Once claims are verified and classified, the CoC is formed. This committee plays a pivotal role in the insolvency resolution process, making key decisions regarding the resolution plans.
  7. Resolution Plan: The insolvency professional, along with the CoC, evaluates and approves a resolution plan. This plan outlines how the debtor’s assets will be used to settle the claims of the creditors.

How Ancoraa Resolution Enhances the Process

Insolvency professionals and expert firms, like those from Ancoraa Resolution, play a vital role in the claim filing process under IBC. Their expertise ensures that the process is conducted efficiently, transparently, and in compliance with legal requirements.

  1. Expert Guidance: Insolvency professionals offer critical guidance to creditors on how to file claims accurately and within the stipulated timelines. Their support ensures that all necessary documentation is correctly prepared and submitted.
  2. Verification and Evaluation: These experts are skilled in verifying and evaluating claims, ensuring that only genuine and substantiated claims are accepted. This step is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the insolvency process.
  3. Resolution Plan Formulation: Insolvency professionals assist in formulating viable resolution plans that maximize returns for creditors. Their experience and insights help in negotiating favorable terms and ensuring fair distribution of assets.

Benefits of Effective Claim Filing

  1. Fair Distribution: Proper claim filing ensures that the debtor’s assets are distributed fairly among all creditors. This transparency helps in maintaining trust in the insolvency process.
  2. Maximized Recoveries: By accurately filing claims, creditors can maximize their recoveries. Verified claims are prioritized in the resolution plan, ensuring that creditors receive their due share of the assets.
  3. Streamlined Process: Effective claim filing streamlines the entire insolvency process, reducing delays and administrative bottlenecks. This efficiency is beneficial for both the debtor and the creditors.
  4. Legal Compliance: Adhering to the claim filing procedures under IBC ensures legal compliance, protecting the rights of creditors and preventing potential disputes.

Positive Outcomes and Future Prospects

The claim filing process under IBC has several positive outcomes, contributing to the overall efficiency and reliability of the insolvency framework in India.

  1. Improved Creditor Confidence: The structured approach to claim filing under IBC enhances creditor confidence, encouraging more responsible lending and borrowing practices.
  2. Economic Stability: By ensuring that debts are settled in an orderly manner, the IBC framework contributes to economic stability and fosters a healthier business environment.
  3. Growth of Insolvency Expertise: The increasing reliance on insolvency professionals and expert firms has led to the growth of specialized knowledge and expertise in the field, further improving the insolvency resolution process.


Claim filing under IBC is a fundamental aspect of the insolvency resolution process, ensuring that creditors can recover their dues in an organized and transparent manner. The role of personal guarantors under IBC, coupled with the expertise of insolvency professionals, enhances the effectiveness of this process. Firms like those from Ancoraa Resolution play a crucial role in guiding and supporting stakeholders through the complexities of claim filing.

By understanding and adhering to the claim filing procedures, creditors can maximize their recoveries and contribute to a fair and efficient insolvency resolution process. The positive outcomes of effective claim filing, including improved creditor confidence and economic stability, highlight the importance of this mechanism in the broader financial landscape. As the insolvency framework in India continues to evolve, the role of claim filing under IBC will remain integral to ensuring successful resolutions and maintaining the integrity of the financial system.

Table of Contents

Written by macmaahi