How to Choose the Best Mutual Fund for Your Portfolio

Home - Finance - How to Choose the Best Mutual Fund for Your Portfolio
mutual fund

What is a Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is a pooled investment vehicle that collects funds from multiple investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities. Managed by professional portfolio managers, mutual funds offer individual investors access to a broader range of investments than they might achieve on their own. By spreading investments across various assets, mutual funds aim to minimize risk and maximize returns. Investors buy shares in the mutual fund, and each share represents a portion of the fund’s holdings. Mutual funds are categorized based on their investment objectives, such as growth, income, or balanced funds, and can be actively or passively managed. Actively managed funds rely on managers to make investment decisions, whereas passively managed funds, such as index funds, aim to replicate the performance of a specific market index. Mutual funds provide liquidity, professional management, and diversification, making them a popular choice for long-term investment strategies.

How to Choose Mutual Funds?

Choosing the best mutual fund for your portfolio is not a straightforward task. It largely depends on your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and time horizon. With a wide variety of mutual funds available in the Indian market, it’s crucial to understand each fund’s unique attributes and find the one that best aligns with your financial goals. Among these, hybrid mutual funds have gained substantial popularity because of their unique combination of equity and debt investments. Let’s delve deeper into how you can choose the best mutual fund for your investment portfolio.

Firstly, understand your investment objective. If you aim for a higher return on your investment and are willing to take higher risks, equity mutual funds may be suitable for you. However, if you prefer a safer bet, you can opt for debt mutual funds. Hybrid mutual funds are an excellent middle-ground option as they offer a balanced mix of equity and debt.

Hybrid Mutual Funds

Hybrid Mutual Funds can be an excellent catalyst in your investment journey. They invest in both equity (shares) and fixed income securities (bonds) which helps to diversify risk. When the stock market is bullish, the equity component may provide substantial growth, and in case of a downturn, the debt component offers stability. This balance makes hybrid mutual funds a desirable option for those who desire moderate risk and acceptable returns.

Once you identify the type of fund, assess the fund’s past performance in various market conditions. Comparing the mutual fund’s performance with its benchmark over a longer period can give you a clearer picture of its reliability. Remember, while past performance doesn’t assure you of future returns, it gives you an indication of the mutual fund’s ability to generate returns.

Another essential aspect to consider is the fund’s expense ratio. It is the percentage of fund assets used for administrative and operating expenses. A lower expense ratio can often indicate a more cost-effective investment option; however, it shouldn’t be the sole factor for selection.

Additionally, understanding debt quality can help in fund selection. For hybrid mutual funds or any fund that has a debt component, ensure to check the credit quality of the debt holdings. Funds that invest in higher-rated bonds ensure safety and lesser risk of default.

To calculate the expected returns from a mutual fund, a mutual fund SIP calculator can come in handy. It is an online tool that calculates the returns you would get at the end of your investment period. By inputting the monthly SIP amount, duration of investment, expected inflation rate, and expected rate of returns, you can gauge the prospective value of your investment projected in future years.

Finally, always consider your risk tolerance and investment term. Investors with a higher risk tolerance and a longer investment horizon may consider funds with a high equity component. Conversely, if you have a short to medium term goal with a low-risk appetite, a hybrid fund with a higher debt component might be more suitable.


This information is for educational purposes only. It’s crucial to research and carefully consider the risks before investing in the mutual funds. Performance of a fund is not the only parameter to consider while choosing a mutual fund scheme.

Take note of the fund’s investment strategy, and the expense ratio, AMC’s reputation, your risk tolerance, and of course, your financial goals. It is advisable to consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.


Choosing the best mutual fund for your portfolio can be challenging but essential for achieving one’s financial goals. The first step is to define your investment objective and risk tolerance. It is then crucial to consider your fund type, which varies from equity to debt to hybrid mutual funds. Hybrid mutual funds, which offer a balanced mix of equity and debt, have proven to be a desirable option for those who desire moderate risk and returns. Past performance, expense ratio, and debt quality are significant aspects for selection. A mutual fund SIP calculator can be used to estimate expected returns. Finally, it is of utmost importance to consider your risk tolerance and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Table of Contents

Written by nancy ahuja